I need help answering the questions in the attachment.     R5 – Strategies for Narrative and Expository Texts

  I need help answering the questions in the attachment.    

R5 – Strategies for Narrative and Expository Texts

Objective: Learners will demonstrate a technique for reading expository text by selecting a KWL chart to assist readers in their content area. 

Developing readers spend the first few years of school mastering the building blocks of reading. If students do not learn these essential skills within the first couple of years, they stand little chance for success. Students need to master the basics and then move from “learning to read” to “reading to learn” where the texts become more academic and challenging to process.

Two types of texts significantly influence reading progression: Narrative (Fiction) and Expository (Nonfiction). 
Narrative text structure focuses on story grammar, including characters, settings, themes, conflicts, plots, and conflict resolutions. Narrative frames, like the one below
require students to RECALL the most important information from a text. Until about third grade, most of the material that students read or have read to them is narrative.

As students progress through the grades, they then read expository text. Some students have difficulty transferring strategies used in reading one type of text to the other. Students learn independently 
or receive instruction on  how to apply reading strategies to the expository texts found in science, history, math, and other content areas.

K-W-L Chart is an instructional technique used to activate students’ prior knowledge by asking them what they already 
Know; then students (as a class or within small groups) set goals specifying what they 
Want to learn, and after reading, students discuss what they have 
Learned. The three parts of this procedure – brainstorming, establishing purposes through questioning, and finding answers to those questions – almost guarantee active student involvement in learning.

Typically, a KWL chart is completed in three stages:

1. First, students outline what they 
KNOW about the subject
 before reading about it

2. What do they 
WANT to KNOW about the subject?

3. After reading the text, students reflect on what they 
LEARNED in the text.  

Both the KWL chart and Narrative Frame are excellent techniques to help your students organize information as they read in your classroom.

Log in to your Pinterest account and

find a KWL chart that you can use in your classroom.





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